You may not know why the slab leaks may happen on your foundation. But the Honolulu plumbing knows it very well. There are many reasons behind it. But when the soil of your structure is unstable, you should take slab leaks seriously. There may be soil shifting. So, to provide the basement with a strong structure, the concrete slab, beam construction, pier, etc. The slab construction method is very much affordable and quick to install. Now let’s see the reason which can cause the slab leaks:
Too much Soil Shifting Is the Main Reason for Slab Leaks
During the construction, the use of the material and installation beneath the slab can cause leaks. The prime reason for soil shifting broadly is the building built over it. Almost in 25% of cases, the damages happen because of the expansive grounds. Different kinds of natural calamities, such as earthquakes, hurricanes, floods, tornadoes, etc., is the reason for soil expansion. The mineral on the soil absorbing water causes the soil to expand.
Whenever the soil moves, it bends and makes the plumbing connections weak. The slow water running to the ground through the slab leaks is responsible for more soil expansion, and it will take your structure to cause significant damage. The hydraulic pressure under the slab releases somewhere. But the pressure from the upward makes the slab weak, and cracks are visible there as a result. There are wet spots on the floor too. When the matter is out of hand, it causes a flood on the floor.
The Role of Plumbing Materials for Slab Leaks
The plumbing materials also have a significant role in causing the slab leaks. It is a problem with the installation. Issues include the internal chemical fractions of the metals used for plumbing, weak water lines, expansion of soil, etc. The materials can cause unexpected problems to your slab. The ingredients from which the plumbing materials are made are not always good for the slab. Now we will know about different metal pipes benefits and problems under the ground:
Benefit of Slab Leaks
In the 1950s, the use of galvanized steel pipes was very prevalent. It also has the same feature as cast iron. It is durable but may rust easily with the water and mineral ingredients from the soil. These pipes clog very often. The layer inside the pipes is light and can’t hold the internal liquid to react with it. Thus, minerals develop internally, which clog the line with other waste. A galvanized steel pipe can last up to 50 years.
The cast iron pipe people used a lot before 1960. At the same time, plastic was popular too. But the cast-iron pipes had a lot of advantages over the ground. Cast iron does not vibrate like plastic. So, they make very little noise as you will not hear water running inside the cast iron pipes. Cast irons are fire-resistant and very long-lasting. But if the cast iron is not protected well before using it under the ground, the pipes may corrode by the mineral and water in the soil. The cast-iron pipes are layered nowadays for their protection to solve this issue. Thus, the old idea about cast iron has changed now.
The rigid copper pipe is very well known nowadays because of its capability to supply cold and hot water. Another metal pipe is the flexible copper pipe. This metal is used mainly for water supply in many appliances like the ice makers of refrigerators and dishwashers. Copper is very long-lasting, and corrosion can’t harm it. They have different thicknesses. The thickest pipe should be used beneath the ground. But always, the installation should be flawless. Otherwise, it may have holes in the touch of water.
Now let’s talk about the plastic pipes. The essential role of plastic pipes is that they are corrosion-free. So, you can use them under the ground without any hesitation. Some of them are:
Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene or ABC is black to look at. It is the first utilized plastic pipe for residential plumbing. But their joints have some weaknesses. It can cause slab leaks, so it is prohibited to use in construction. Even in sunlight, it has problems too. So, you cannot use it there.
Polyvinyl chloride pipe or PVC is the most utilized plastic pipe for plumbing. They have different colors to use in various cases, like water or electrical conduit.
Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride, or CPVC, has the same feature as PVC. But it has chlorination facilities, making it more suitable for hot water supply.
Cross-linked polyethylene, or PEX, is the newest member among the plastic pipes. You can use them as an alternative option for copper, PVC, and CPVC. It is beneficial to use from all sides.
Wherever you want to know the best materials you can use for your foundation, the Honolulu plumbers will guide you properly. It is required to have vital installation and use the suitable materials to strengthen the foundation and create fewer slab leak options!